The Eyes of Horus
“Let the Eye of Horus come forth from the god and shine outside his mouth.” The Pyramid Texts
Horus “who rules with two eyes”
In ancient Egyptian mythology, Horus was one of five offspring of the original pair of Egyptian gods, Ra and Rhea. Horus’ siblings were Osiris, Set, Isis, and Nephthys. Osiris succeeded Ra as king of Egypt and married Isis, his sister. Their brother, Set, slew Osiris, who descended to preside over the land of the dead. The widow, Isis, called upon her brother, Horus, to destroy Set, which he did after many battles. Eventually, Osiris was resurrected.
The word utchat, sometimes spelled udjat, refers to Egypt’s sacred eye symbol. The right eye is called the Eye of Ra, symbolizing the sun. The left is called the Eye of Thoth, symbolizing the moon. Both eyes together are the Two Eyes Of Horus The Elder. The eye is the part of the body able to perceive light, and is therefore the symbol for spiritual ability.
Horus as now conceived is a mixture of the original deities known as “Horus the Child” and “Horus the Elder”. As the Child, Horus is the son of Osiris and Isis, who, upon reaching adulthood, becomes known as Her-nedj-tef-ef (“Horus, Avenger of His Father”) by avenging his father’s death, by defeating and casting out his evil Set. As Horus the Elder, he was also the patron deity of Upper Egypt from the earliest times; initially, viewed as the twin brother of Set , the patron of Lower Egypt, but he became the conqueror of Set.
Later in his campaigns against Set, his father?s murderer, he was known as Hartomes, ?Horus the Lancer?, and by this time he had almost completely assumed the identity of ?Horus the Elder?.
Harakhte meant the god on the horizon: Horus was the first state god of Egypt, but in early times he appears to have become so confused with Ra that the two gods exchanged places, with Ra eventually becoming known as Ra-Harakhte.
In the Ancient Egyptian measurement system, the Eye Of Horus represented a fractional quantification system to measure parts of a whole. The entire eye measured 1 heqat. And each of the parts of the eye measured fractions of the heqat.
The Right Eye of Horus represents concrete factual information controlled by the left brain. It deals with words, letters, and numbers and those things which are describable in terms of sentences or complete thoughts. It approaches the universe in terms of male oriented ideation.
The Left Eye of Horus represents abstract aesthetic information controlled by the right brain. It deals with esoteric thoughts and feelings and is responsible for intuition. It approaches the universe in terms of female oriented ideation. We use the Left Eye, female oriented, right side of our brain for feeling and intuition.
Thought 1/8 heqat or 40 ro
1/8 heqat represents thought.
“…the Eye of Horus hath made me holy…I will hide myself among you, O ye stars which are imperishable. My brow is the brow of Ra.” The Pyramid Texts
Hearing 1/16 heqat or 20 ro
1/16 heqat represents the ear. The figure points towards the ear on the face.
“That which has been shut fast [dead] hath been opened by the command of the Eye of Horus, which hath delivered me. Established are the beauties of the forehead of Ra.” The Pyramid Texts
Taste 1/32 heqat or 10 ro
1/32 heqat part of the EYE represents the sprouting of the wheat or grain from the planted stalk. It represents food and taste.
“Come, the Eye of Horus hath delivered for me my soul, my ornaments are established on the brow of Ra. Light is on the faces of those who are in the members of Osiris.” The Pyramid Texts
Sight 1/4 heqat or 80 ro
1/4 heqat represents seeing, or the sensation of light.
“Perfect is the Eye of Horus. I have delivered the Eye of Horus, the shining one, the ornament of the Eye of Ra, the Father of the Gods.” The Pyramid Texts
Smell 1/2 heqat or 160 ro
1/2 heqat represents the nose and the sensation of smell.
“Behold [the fire] risith in Abydos and it cometh; I cause it to come, the Eye of Horus. It is set in order upon thy brow, O Osiris Khenti-Amenti; it is set in the shrine and riseth on thy brow.” The Pyramid Texts
Touch 1/64 heqat or 5 ro
1/64 heqat represents planting a stick into the ground.
“I shall see the Gods and the Eye of Horus burning with fire before my eyes.” The Pyramid Texts
As you examine the concept, the idea of weights and measurements begins to make more sense, that is until you add the fractions of the heqat together. They add up to 63/64ths.